general information about tunisia
The capital of Tunisia is Tunis, located in the far north of the country. From 1942–1943, Tunisia was the scene of the Tunisia Campaign, a series of battles between the Axis and Allied forces.  The Tunis Telecom City is a US$3 billion project to create an IT hub in Tunis.  Education is given a high priority and accounts for 6% of GNP.  The Tunis Financial harbour will deliver North Africa's first offshore financial centre at Tunis Bay in a project with an end development value of US$3 billion. This was the reason or pretext for French forces to establish a protectorate in 1881. About Tunisia. , Tunisia was hit by two terror attacks on foreign tourists in 2015, first killing 22 people at the Bardo National Museum, and later killing 38 people at the Sousse beachfront. In October 2014 Tunisia held its first elections under the new constitution following the Arab Spring. Responsibility for the water supply systems in urban areas and large rural centres is assigned to the Sociéte Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux  ITF president Francesco Ricci Bitti said: "There is no room for prejudice of any kind in sport or in society. The first constitution was accepted in 1959 which puts legislative power in the Chamber of Deputies with 136 members. The people of Carthage worshipped a pantheon of Middle Eastern gods including Baal and Tanit. Persians went to the West and intermarried with the Gaetulians and became the Numidians. Participation in Education. Tunisia is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. In 1974, ONAS was established to manage the sanitation sector. , Oil production of Tunisia is about 97,600 barrels per day (15,520 m3/d). Labour unions were said to be an integral part of the protests. Culture. It cannot be taken into or out of the country. , Tunisia is home to five terrestrial ecoregions: Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests, Saharan halophytics, Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe, Mediterranean woodlands and forests, and North Saharan steppe and woodlands. , In 2010, spending on healthcare accounted for 3.37% of the country's GDP. Sadok Gmech draws his inspiration from national wealth while Moncef Ben Amor turns to fantasy. The battle opened with initial success by the German and Italian forces, but the massive supply and numerical superiority of the Allies led to the Axis surrender on 13 May 1943. The national league consists of about 12 teams, with ES. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. The settlers of Carthage brought their culture and religion from Phoenicia, now present-day Lebanon and adjacent areas.. During World War II, French Tunisia was ruled by the collaborationist Vichy government located in Metropolitan France. Eventually the new government gave in to the demands. A Tunis court banned the ex-ruling party RCD and confiscated all its resources. , Tunis was taken in 695, re-taken by the Byzantine Eastern Romans in 697, but lost finally in 698. Football is the most popular sport in Tunisia. , The total adult literacy rate in 2008 was 78% and this rate goes up to 97.3% when considering only people from 15 to 24 years old. Tunisia is a country in North Africa.  This prosperity permitted luxurious court life and was marked by the construction of new palace cities such as al-Abassiya (809) and Raqadda (877).  International and internal observers declared the vote free and fair. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage.  Sharia courts were abolished in 1956. Tunisia is located in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. , From the late 19th century to after World War II, Tunisia was home to large populations of French and Italians (255,000 Europeans in 1956), although nearly all of them, along with the Jewish population, left after Tunisia became independent. The main field is El Bourma. Instead, Tunisia is considering other options to diversify its energy mix, such as renewable energies, coal, shale gas, liquified natural gas and constructing a submarine power interconnection with Italy.  The country had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.14/10, ranking it 108th globally out of 172 countries.  Zirid Tunisia flourished in many areas: agriculture, industry, trade, and religious and secular learning. With a total land mass of 59,984 square miles/155,360 square kilometers, Tunisia is slightly larger than the state of Georgia. Other improved conditions have been reported within Tunisia. In 1869, Tunisia declared itself bankrupt and an international financial commission took control over its economy. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin.  The fall in favour of the moderate Islamist government of Ennahdha was partly due to that, modern Tunisian governments intelligence objectives are to suppress fundamentalist groups before they can act. ", "Caught in the Net: Tunisia's First Lady", "Ajaccio – Un trafic de yachts entre la France et la Tunisie en procès", "Le parcours fulgurant de Sakhr El-Materi, gendre du président tunisien Ben Ali", "Droits de l'Homme : après le harcèlement, l'asphyxie", "Dans le monde de l'après-11 septembre, seule la paix protège les libertés", "How Tunisia's revolution began – Features", "Wikileaks might have triggered Tunis' revolution", "Tunisia riots: Reform or be overthrown, US tells Arab states amid fresh riots", "Trade unions: the revolutionary social network at play in Egypt and Tunisia", "When fleeing Tunisia, don't forget the gold", Middle East Research and Information Project, "Former dissident sworn in as Tunisia's president", "Tunisia's constitution will not be based on Sharia: Islamist party", "Tunisian opposition leader Chokri Belaid shot dead outside his home", "Tunisia launches Truth and Dignity Commission", "The real reason Tunisia renewed its state of emergency", "Tunisia holds first election under new constitution", "TUNISIA. Abulafia, "The Norman Kingdom of Africa", 27. The city’s medina quarter encompasses the massive Al-Zaytuna Mosque and a thriving souk.  It is sometimes also associated with the Punic goddess Tanith (aka Tunit), ancient city of Tynes. 2009, l'année des rendez-vous culturels importants ", "Previous winners of major international cups And tournaments : the African Cup of Nations", "Tunisian handball team wins 2010 African Cup of Nations", "Tunisia suspended from Davis Cup over Malek Jaziri order | Tennis News", Official website of the Ministry of Tourism, Official website of the National Institute of Meteorology, Official website of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, Official website of the Tunisian Ministry of the Interior, Official website of The Ministry of Transport, The Emergence and activity of Tunisia's most fearful terrorist group, EU Neighbourhood Info Centre: Country profile of Tunisia, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Union of Arab National Olympic Committees, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Community of Sahel–Saharan States (CEN-SAD), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tunisia&oldid=997194081, States and territories established in 1956, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, Berber-speaking countries and territories, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 12:02. , Since the revolution, some non-governmental organizations have reconstituted themselves and hundreds of new ones have emerged. , The depredation of the Tunisian campaigns by the Banu Hilal, a warlike Arab Bedouin tribe encouraged by the Fatimids of Egypt to seize Northwest Africa, sent the region's rural and urban economic life into further decline.  Management by the later Zirid emirs was neglectful though, and political instability was connected to the decline of Tunisian trade and agriculture. Forces, with his German and Italian troops, in the western area of Tunisia.  The Arab historian Ibn Khaldun wrote that the lands ravaged by Banu Hilal invaders had become completely arid desert. That said, an important number of genetic and other historical studies point out to the predominance of the Amazighs in Tunisia. Participation in Education . One of the most popular tourist destinations in North Africa, Tunisia offers an incredibly diverse range of experiences. The general rule is to keep an arms length away when speaking to someone. General information about Tunisia Area.  The bulk of Tunisians belong to the Maliki School of Sunni Islam and their mosques are easily recognizable by square minarets. Governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization, simplification of the tax structure, and a prudent approach to debt. Unfortunately, you cannot change TND outside Tunisia. There was a continuing inflow of nomadic Arab tribes from Arabia. The Tunisia national football team, also known as "The Eagles of Carthage," won the 2004 African Cup of Nations (ACN), which was held in Tunisia. The founding in 1934 of a musical school helped revive Arab Andalusian music largely to a social and cultural revival led by the elite of the time who became aware of the risks of loss of the musical heritage and which they believed threatened the foundations of Tunisian national identity. In 2005, Tunisia came fourth. Initially under Turkish rule from Algiers, soon the Ottoman Porte appointed directly for Tunis a governor called the Pasha supported by janissary forces. From November 1942 until May 1943, Vichy Tunisia was occupied by Nazi Germany. Tunisia was in 2009 ranked the most competitive economy in Africa and the 40th in the world by the World Economic Forum. However, the Turks brought with them the teaching of the Hanafi School during the Ottoman rule, which still survives among the Turkish descended families today, and their mosques traditionally have octagonal minarets.  As of 2015[update], Tunisia has abandoned these plans. General information about Tunisia. The Tunisians won the 2018 African Cup in Gabon by defeating Egypt.. Under its Turkish governors, the Beys, Tunisia attained virtual independence. Currently there are 12 oil fields.  On 6 February 2013, Chokri Belaid, the leader of the leftist opposition and prominent critic of Ennahda, was assassinated. Tunisia Has The 4th Most Important City In The Islamic World. In the last years of the Hafsid dynasty, Spain seized many of the coastal cities, but these were recovered by the Ottoman Empire. Many Jews consider it a pilgrimage site, with celebrations taking place there once every year due to its age and the legend that the synagogue was built using stones from Solomon's temple. It is bordered by Algeria on the west and southwest and Libya on the south east. Much of the southern region is semi-arid and desert.  In fact, Tunisia along with Morocco has been said to be the Arab countries most accepting of their Jewish populations. The present form of the name, with its Latinate suffix -ia, evolved from French Tunisie, in turn generally associated with the Berber root ⵜⵏⵙ, transcribed tns, which means "to lay down" or "encampment". , There are currently fifty art galleries housing exhibitions of Tunisian and international artists.  The life expectancy at birth was 75.73 years in 2016, or 73.72 years for males and 77.78 years for females.  Tunisia refused a French request for the extradition of two of the President's nephews, from Leila's side, who were accused by the French State prosecutor of having stolen two mega-yachts from a French marina. Tunisia is one of the European Union's most established trading partners in the Mediterranean region and ranks as the EU's 30th largest trading partner. , Tunisia Economic City is a city being constructed near Tunis in Enfidha.  Artists gained international recognition such as Hatem El Mekki or Zoubeir Turki and influenced a generation of new young painters. One of the most popular tourist destinations in North Africa, Tunisia offers an incredibly diverse range of experiences. The premier football league is the "Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1". The antisemitic Statute on Jews enacted by the Vichy was also implemented in Vichy Northwest Africa and overseas French territories. Legend says that Dido from Tyre, now in modern-day Lebanon, founded the city in 814 BC, as retold by the Greek writer Timaeus of Tauromenium. Today, the cultural identity of Tunisians is the product of a centuries-long historical trajectory, with the Tunisian nation today being a junction of the Amazigh, as well as Punic, Roman, Arab, Andalusian, Turkish, and French cultural and linguistic input. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is also the northernmost point on the African continent.  The Tunis area is served by a Light rail network named Metro Leger which is managed by Transtu. The Dorsal, the eastern extension of the Atlas Mountains, runs across Tunisia in a northeasterly direction from the Algerian border in the west to the Cape Bon peninsula in the east. Telephone calls to Tunisia from outside Tunisia adopt the format +216 yy xxxxxx. General information from Tunisia - Wikipedia Tunisian Republic.  In 2008, in terms of Press freedom, Tunisia was ranked 143rd out of 173.. General Information. Prisons are crowded and drug offenders represent nearly a third of the prison population. Science, Technology and Innovation.  However, according to the Corruption Perceptions Index published annually by Transparency International, Tunisia was ranked the least corrupt North-African-country in 2016, with a score of 41. Both facilities are projected to produce 900–1000 MW. In fact, the executive power is given to the president. , Tunisia is included in the European Union's European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), which aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer. Rainfall is almost non-existent, though winter nights in the desert can get chilly. The exposition boasts documents and artifacts from the Tunisian reformist monarchal rule in mid 19th century. , The country has a secular culture where religion is separated from not only political, but in public life. Tunisia has resumed most transportation options, (including airport operations and re-opening of borders) and business operations (including day cares and schools). It was founded in 1949 and brings together French and Tunisian Muslims, Christians and Jews. Following the Battle of Carthage which began in 149 BC during the Third Punic War, Carthage was conquered by Rome in 146 BC. , Tunisian literature exists in two forms: Arabic and French. , After conquering Cairo, the Fatimids abandoned Tunisia and parts of Eastern Algeria to the local Zirids (972–1148). Most programs are in Arabic but some are in French. The official name of the country is the Republic of Tunisia.  Tunisia flourished under Arab rule when extensive systems were constructed to supply towns with water for household use and irrigation that promoted agriculture (especially olive production). Tunisia's currency is the Tunisian dinar; for accurate exchange rates, use this online converter. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. , In March 2012, Ennahda declared it will not support making sharia the main source of legislation in the new constitution, maintaining the secular nature of the state. She finished the competition with 19 medals; 9 golds, 5 silvers and 5 bronzes. Paramilitary forces consisted of a 12,000-member national guard.  Nonetheless, the current regulatory framework and social and political culture mean that the future of press and media freedom is still unclear..  There is also a small minority of speakers of Berber languages known collectively as Jebbali or Shelha. 60.4 per sq km. Pierre Boucherle was its main instigator, along with Yahia Turki, Abdelaziz Gorgi, Moses Levy, Ammar Farhat, and Jules Lellouche. Tunisia Visa General Information and Eligibility. , Tunis Sports City is an entire sports city currently being constructed in Tunis, Tunisia. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel–Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. public entity under the Ministry of Agriculture. , Tunisia is an export-oriented country in the process of liberalizing and privatizing an economy that, while averaging 5% GDP growth since the early 1990s, has suffered from corruption benefiting politically connected elites. Currently (as of 11/2018) 1 Tunisian Dinar is equal to 0.34 US-dollar or 1 US-dollar to 2.90 Tunisian Dinar. Visitors from many countries including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand can enter without a visa for a stay of up to 90 days. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. Education and Literacy. Comprising 40,000 square kilometers of pristine desert, Tunisia's section of the Grand Erg Oriental is a wonderland of sweeping dunes and hidden oases. The French Ville Nouvelle quarter has many excellent restaurants while the Bardo Museum houses some of the country's most famous ancient mosaics. Tunisia. Tunisia has a diverse economy, with important agricultural, mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing sectors. Tunisia's official religion is Islam and approximately 99% of the population identify as Sunni Muslims. Currency: Tunisian Dinar (TND).  On 12 December 2011, former dissident and veteran human rights activist Moncef Marzouki was elected president. Tanit's symbol, a simple female figure with extended arms and long dress, is a popular icon found in ancient sites. A tourist service ( La Rose des Sables ) was due to start in February 2015, covering the non-passenger Kalaâ Kasbah - Kasserine line. There are 29 airports in Tunisia, with Tunis Carthage International Airport and Djerba–Zarzis International Airport being the most important ones.  International Religious Freedom Report for 2007 estimates thousands of Tunisian Muslims have converted to Christianity. The government believed the hijab is a "garment of foreign origin having a partisan connotation". It still finds itself hanging between inflation and unemployment while looking up to the 6 October elections with hope of a reform. The majority of the population were not Muslim until quite late in the 9th century; a vast majority were during the 10th. A decree by the minister of the interior banned the "political police", special forces which were used to intimidate and persecute political activists. , The majority of Tunisia's population (around 98%) are Muslims while about 2% follow Christianity and Judaism or other religions. , While children generally acquire Tunisian Arabic at home, when they enter school at age 6, they are taught to read and write in Standard Arabic.  Mosques were restricted from holding communal prayers or classes. The city that will consist of apartment buildings as well as several sports facilities will be built by the Bukhatir Group at a cost of $5 Billion. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. , Djerba, an island in the Gulf of Gabès, is home to El Ghriba synagogue, which is one of the oldest synagogues in the world and the oldest uninterruptedly used. The founders of Carthage also established a Tophet, which was altered in Roman times. The Sahel, a broadening coastal plain along Tunisia's eastern Mediterranean coast, is among the world's premier areas of olive cultivation. Shop signs, menus and road signs in Tunisia are generally written in both Arabic and French. Along the Mediterranean coast, resort towns like Hammamet provide an abundance of sun and sea; while the southern Sahara is populated by dramatic desert landscapes, fascinating Berber villages and abandoned Star Wars sets. The first Ottoman conquest of Tunis took place in 1534 under the command of Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha, the younger brother of Oruç Reis, who was the Kapudan Pasha of the Ottoman Fleet during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. From the age of 8, they are taught French while English is introduced at the age of 12. The culture of Tunisia is mixed due to its long established history of outside influence from people ‒ such as Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks, Italians, Spaniards, and the French ‒ who all left their mark on the country. Berber Christians continued to live in some Nefzaoua villages up until the early 15th century and the community of Tunisian Christians existed in the town of Tozeur up to the 18th century. Tunisia ranked 17th in the category of "quality of the [higher] educational system" and 21st in the category of "quality of primary education" in The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–9, released by The World Economic Forum. The chamber serves for five-year terms. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. In 2009, there were 12.02 physicians and 33.12 nurses per 10,000 inhabitants.  The Code of Personal Status remains one of the most progressive civil codes in North Africa and the Muslim world. The Tunisian Dinar is divided into 1000 millimes. Close relations with Europe, particularly with France and with Italy, have been forged through economic cooperation, privatization, and industrial modernization. general information about Tunisia?  In the 2012 Summer Olympics, he won a bronze medal in the 1500 meter freestyle and a gold medal in the Men's marathon swim at a distance of 10 kilometers. Tunisia finalised the tariffs dismantling for industrial products in 2008 and therefore was the first non-EU Mediterranean country to enter in a free trade area with EU. Under French colonization, European settlements in the country were actively encouraged; the number of French colonists grew from 34,000 in 1906 to 144,000 in 1945.  Also, the law allowing rapists to escape punishment by marrying the victim was abolished. , Sometime between the second half of the 7th century and the early part of the 8th century, Arab Muslim conquest occurred in the region. The birth of Tunisian contemporary painting is strongly linked to the School of Tunis, established by a group of artists from Tunisia united by the desire to incorporate native themes and rejecting the influence of Orientalist colonial painting. , The four years of secondary education are open to all holders of Diplôme de Fin d'Etudes de l'Enseignement de Base where the students focus on entering university level or join the workforce after completion.  The regime obstructed in any way possible the work of local human rights organizations. , The first people known to history in what is now Tunisia were the Berbers.  In the late 16th century the coast became a pirate stronghold. , The Arab governors of Tunis founded the Aghlabid dynasty, which ruled Tunisia, Tripolitania and eastern Algeria from 800 to 909. , On 3 March 2011, the interim president announced that elections to a Constituent Assembly would be held on 24 July 2011.  As a result, Tunisia is the only country in North Africa classified as "Free" by the Freedom House organization and is also considered by The Economist's Democracy Index as the only fully democratic state in the Arab World (Lebanon and Iraq being confessional democracies). The competition will be held in Tunis, Tunisia from 18 … In 2008 it had a GDP of US$41 billion (official exchange rates), or $82 billion (purchasing power parity)..
Financier Pistache Framboise Cyril Lignac, 11 Petite Rue Pasteur 69100 Villeurbanne, Entreprise De Trading Au Cameroun, Magasin Boulanger Autour De Moi, Iberostar Club Cala Barca Tripadvisor, Corona Dans Le Jura, Laboratoire Analyse Résultat, Cité Internationale De La Langue Française, 207 Peugeot 2011 Occasion, Feu D'artifice Mers Les Bains 2020, Eric Celui Qui Cache Le Feu, Questionnaire évaluation Formation à Distance, Pourquoi Rester Positif,